The mosaic of diverse cultures, religious beliefs, environmental biomes, and political views has shaped Canada into a post national-state. Unlike most countries in the world, Canada “has never pursued or developed a single national identity” (Bernard, 2008). When Canada was founded, both the English and the French were involved. These groups of people had very different cultures, religions, histories, and languages, and as a result Canada was immediately faced with the problem of trying to accommodate both groups as equals. This concept has remained crucial in Canada and has allowed this country to develop into a post-national state that gives people of different background the opportunity to coexist peacefully and respectfully. Currently, Canada is one of the most accepting countries for immigrants and refugees. According to an article from The Guardian, Canada accepted 300 000 immigrants in 2016, 48 000 of which being refugees. This ‘almost cheerful commitment to inclusion’ has become a natural part of the growth of the country and has significantly shaped Canada’s identity (Foran, 2017). Canadian immigration policies have developed into a “universal point system […] irrespective of country of origin or racial background” that welcomes immigrants from a wide range of countries to Canada and further increases the variety of cultures and religious backgrounds that shape Canadian identity (Li, 2000). An example of this increase in multiculturalism is evident within a 2011 Census of Population study, that found that ‘more than 200 languages were reported as a home language or mother tongue’ (Evans, 2013). Additionally, Canada is the second largest country in the world by area. It also encompasses some of the most diverse and varying ecosystems and natural biomes in the world. These environmental differences and our wide variety of natural resources significantly impact job availability and lifestyle within each region of Canada, which makes it difficult to assign a universal Canadian identity. In conclusion, Canada is a post-national state that thrives on its ability to accept a patchwork of different lifestyles.

Citations:

https://canadianimmigrant.ca/guides/moving-to-canada/diversity-in-canada-an-overview

https://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/rp-pr/csj-sjc/jsp-sjp/rp02_8-dr02_8/rp02_8.pdf

https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/11f0019m/2008319/s13-eng.htm

https://www.businessinsider.com/canada-could-be-the-worlds-first-postnational-country-2017-1

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jan/04/the-canada-experiment-is-this-the-worlds-first-postnational-country